La República Catalana

News Comment/COMENTARI AL DIA

Failed State Spain/ESPANYA, ESTAT FALLIT

Failed State Spain

 

Diplomat Inocencio Arias was a centrist politician with Suarez, a socialist with Gonzalez and a right winger with Aznar, until the PP warlord sacked him from the UN after questioning his Iraq war. Below: The Godfather. The Franco heirs: you invented a nation, Andalusia, which more than nation is kingdom, the kingdom of subsidies, unemployment and the grotesque, baby caudillo Manolo Chávez.

Catalonia will hold a referendum on independence after early elections in November where the unionist PP and socialists will be likely wiped out. Spain is increasingly seen as a failed State in Europe and even among Spanish nationalists.

 

Inocencio Arias (El Mundo): The objectives of Catalan nationalists inevitably make any friend of Spain skeptical. The question whether our country is viable has arisen forcefully. An investor will think twice before choosing Spain. It is clear that his belief in the future of Spain or of a possibly independent Catalonia will collapse. All that he sees at the moment is the serious economic problems of Spain, a country in a fragile condition and with an uncertain future.

Financial Times Editorial: What began as an economic storm has blown into a full-scale political crisis. Amid popular discontent and separatist protests, Spain has stumbled towards a crossroads: without decisive action by the government, the post-Franco democratic settlement is at risk. Artur Mas, Catalonia’s president, has called a snap election which, in practice, will amount to a referendum on independence. Madrid’s intransigent response risks triggering a constitutional crisis. Mr Rajoy must bear responsibility for the state of his country. Elected in a landslide, he had the political capital to lead a united Spain through this crisis. Instead his government has played a partisan game rather than building consensus.

Daniel Hannan (The Telegraph): All of a sudden, the talk is of the breakdown, not just of the single currency, but of the parliamentary system on which it rests. Commentators across Europe fret that Spain, which emerged from dictatorship less than 40 years ago, might give up on multi-party politics. Unsurprisingly, some want to opt out altogether of what they see as a failing state. Catalonia has declared its intention to hold a referendum on secession. A senior army officer has warned Catalans against ‘disturbing the lion’. Are the alarmists right? Could parliamentary government fail altogether?

Manuel Chaves (El Pais): We have a problem and we must face it. The headlong rush of Catalan nationalists cannot be answered by the battening down and negativity of Spanish nationalists. For too long we have not given due importance to what was going on: The growing disaffection of many Catalans to Spain and of many Spaniards to Catalonia. I remember well when I was President of the Andalusian Junta the continuous anti-Catalan actions by the PP. Whether we like it or not, the truth is that after the Supreme Court decision against, the Catalan Statute is no longer seen as the fundamental reference point by a large part of Catalan opinion, probably the majority. But if the fiscal pact that CiU wants is established in Catalonia, Spain’s economic prospects would collapse.

Espanya, Estat fallit

El padrí. Hijos del franquismo: te inventaste una nación que más que nación es reino, reino de la subvención, del paro y del esperpento, caudillín Manolo Chávez. Primera foto: El diplomàtic Inocencio Arias fou polític del centre amb Suárez, socialista amb González i de la dreta amb Aznar, fins que el buscaraons del PP el va destituir de l’ONU per questionar la seva Guerra d’Iraq.

Catalunya celebrarà un referèndum per la independència després de les eleccions avançades del novembre on els integristes del PP i socialistes segurament quedaran aniquilats. Espanya és vista creixentment com un Estat fracassat per Europa i fins i tot pels propis espanyolistes.

 

Inocencio Arias del Mundo: Los propósitos de los nacionalistas catalanes vuelven inevitablemente escéptico a cualquier amigo de España. La pregunta de si nuestro país es viable habrá resucitado con fuerza. Un inversor se lo pensara dos veces antes de aterrizar en España. Sus convicciones, en consecuencia, sobre el porvenir de España y el de una hipotética Cataluña independiente se resquebrajan. Ese señor ve, en definitiva, en momentos en que España tiene serios problemas económicos, un país de palpable fragilidad y de incierto futuro.

Editorial del Financial Times: El que va començar com tempesta econòmica ha evolucionat cap a una crisi política a gran escala. Envoltada de descontentament popular i protestes separatistes, Espanya s’ha quedat parada davant la cruilla: sense una acció decidida per part del govern, l’acord democràtic del postfranquisme està en risc. El president de la Generalitat Artur Mas ha convocat eleccions anticipades que, a la pràctica, es convertiran en referèndum sobre la independència. La resposta intransigent de Madrid corre el risc de provocar una crisi constitucional. Rajoy és el responsable de l’estat en que es troba el seu país. Elegit per majoria aplastant, tenia el capital polític per liderar una Espanya unida davant aquesta crisi. En canvi, el seu govern s’ha dedicat a jugar un joc partidista en lloc de crear consens.

Daniel Hannan del Telegraph: Tot d’una es parla de la ruptura, no només de la moneda única, sinó del sistema parlamentari sobre la qual descansa. Els comentaristes de tot Europa temen que Espanya, que va sortir de la dictadura fa menys de 40 anys, podria renunciar a la política multipartidista. No sorprèn que alguns volen optar per marxar del tot del que veuen com un Estat fallit. Catalunya ha declarat la seva intenció de celebrar un referèndum sobre la secessió. Un alt oficial de l’exèrcit ha advertit als catalans ‘que no despertin el lleó’. Tenen raó els alarmistes? És possible que el govern parlamentari fracassi del tot?

Manuel Chaves del Pais: Tenemos un problema y tenemos que afrontarlo. Y a una huida hacia delante del nacionalismo catalán no cabe responder con el enroque y la cerrazón del nacionalismo español. Desde hace tiempo no le hemos venido dando la importancia debida a lo que estaba ocurriendo: el aumento de la desafección de muchos catalanes hacia España y de muchos españoles hacia Cataluña. De mi etapa como presidente de la Junta de Andalucía, no olvido las continuas iniciativas anticatalanas presentadas por el PP. Nos guste más o nos guste menos, la realidad es que a partir de la sentencia del TC, el Estatuto dejó de ser una norma fundamental de referencia para una parte muy importante de catalanes, probablemente mayoritaria. Si el pacto fiscal reivindicado por CiU conduce al concierto económico en Cataluña, ello haría inviable el futuro económico de España.

28 September 2012 - Posted by | News comment/Comentari al dia, Politics/Política | ,

2 Comments »

  1. I am following your analysis of the crisis. The Financial Times and El Pais are fairly lucid. Giles Tremlett in the Guardian, yesterday, is also to the point. The stakes are rather high!

    Like

    Comment by James | 29 September 2012 | Reply

  2. The surge for Catalonian Independence seems to be gathering strength. I just read your despatch, which talks about a de facto referendum for Independence – which would be called secession in the Indian Union. What is the constitutional status of such a referendum? If the majority of Catalonian residents do vote for Independence, does that in any way force the hand of the State? I would be very interested to know how this works. Trust you are well, and relatively immune to the economic misfortunes of Spain.

    Like

    Comment by Mohit | 29 September 2012 | Reply


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