La República Catalana

News Comment/COMENTARI AL DIA

Taxes or Independence of Catalonia/IMPOSTOS O INDEPENDÈNCIA DE CATALUNYA

Taxes or Independence of Catalonia

by Financial Times

No taxation without representation: England lost America like Spain will lose Catalonia. Below: Economic historian Oriol Junqueras doubled the vote of pro-independence big winners Esquerra. Mayor of Sant Vicenç dels Horts, he beat the socialists in their own fiefdom. The socialists, not the by far still the biggest party CiU, were the big losers with the also Madrid run PP who have lost all influence in Catalonia.

 

An editorial by the respected Financial Times warns Spain to stop dreaming. Referendum parties in Catalonia won a massive 78% of the vote. FT orders Rajoy to give back their taxes to Catalans in the fiscal pact he had refused to stave off the looming crisis for Spain of Catalan independence. Unfortunately monolingual Madrid knows as much English as Catalan.

 

“When Artur Mas, president of Catalonia, called a snap election, he hoped voters would give him an indestructible majority to give legitimacy to a referendum on independence. But his gamble has not paid off. His party CiU lost a fifth of its seats. Despite being the single largest party, CiU will have to negotiate with other forces to form a majority to govern. Unionists, however, should not gloat over this result. Most of the seats lost by CiU were picked by Esquerra, a leftwing separatist force. Pro-referendum parties will hold roughly two-thirds of the seats in the Catalan Parliament. Such a strong majority, coupled with the highest turnout for a Catalan election in 30 years, will strengthen the view that a plebiscite on independence is the demand of the many rather than the dream of the few. Yet the road to a referendum is harder. True, CiU and Esquerra have enough seats to form a governing coalition that would put the question of sovereignty at the heart of its programme. But the parties hold opposite views on the economy, with Esquerra strongly opposed to the programme of fiscal consolidation championed by Mas. Separatists suggest 2014 as a possible date for a plebiscite. The glue holding CiU and Esquerra together could come unstuck sooner than that. The inconclusive nature of this result offers Spain an opportunity. Behind Catalonia’s calls for independence lie deep-rooted economic grievances. As a powerhouse contributing a fifth of Spain’s national product, Catalonia would like to retain more of its tax revenues. These concerns could be addressed without having to resort to a divisive referendum. Last September, Mas offered Madrid a settlement, exchanging greater fiscal autonomy for a high level of budgetary transfers. Rajoy refused even to discuss it. Rajoy can take comfort in Mas’s weak showing in the polls, but he should keep open the notion that more autonomy for Catalonia could be a price worth paying to avert a constitutional crisis at a time of economic emergency. Mas should accept that any new fiscal settlement will have to wait until the current crisis is resolved. Neither unionists nor separatists should rejoice in the result. But if they take advantage of the opportunity presented, the vote could be a blessing in disguise.”

(“Barcelona’s draw,” Editorial, Financial Times, 26 November 2012)

 

Impostos o independència de Catalunya

pel Financial Times

L’historiador econòmic Oriol Junqueras ha doblat el vot del gran guanyador proindependència, Esquerra. L’alcalde de Sant Vicenç dels Horts ha superat els socialistes en el seu propi feu. Els socialistes, no el de lluny partit més gran CiU, són els grans perdedors amb el també controlat per Madrid PP que ha perdut tota la seva influència a Catalunya. Primera foto: Cap impost sense representació: Anglaterra va perdre Amèrica com Espanya perdrà Catalunya.

Una editorial del respectat Financial Times adverteix Espanya que no sigui somiatruites. Els partits a favor del referèndum a Catalunya han guanyat un massiu 78% dels vots. FT ordena a Rajoy que torni els impostos als catalans en el pacte fiscal que havia denegat per així evitar la crisi que viurà Espanya amb la independència de Catalunya. Llàstima que el monolingüe Madrid sap tant anglès com català.

“Quan el president de la Generalitat Artur Mas convocava eleccions anticipades, esperava que els votants li donarien una majoria indestructible per donar legitimitat a un referèndum sobre la independència. Però la seva aposta no ha donat fruits. El seu partit CiU ha perdut una cinquena part dels seus escons. Tot i ser el partit més gran, CiU haurà de negociar amb altres forces per formar una majoria de govern. Però els unionistes no han de somiar truites amb aquest resultat. La majoria dels escons perduts per CiU han estat recollits per Esquerra, una força separatista d’esquerra. Els partits proreferèndum tenen uns terços dels escons al Parlament català. Una majoria tan sòlida, junt al percentatge més elevat de participació en unes eleccions catalanes en 30 anys, reforça la idea que un plebiscit sobre la independència és una demanda de molts, més que el somni d’uns pocs. No obstant això, el camí cap a un referèndum s’ha fet més difícil. CiU i Esquerra certament tenen suficients escons per formar una coalició de govern que posi la qüestió de la sobirania al centre del seu programa. Llevat d’això, els partits tenen punts de vista oposats sobre l’economia, amb Esquerra fortament oposada al programa de consolidació fiscal promoguda per Mas. Els separatistes suggereixen 2014 com una possible data per a un plebiscit. Un pacte CiU-Esquerra pot fracassar abans d’arribar-hi. El caràcter no definitiu d’aquest resultat dóna a Espanya una oportunitat. Darrere l’exigència de Catalunya de la independència hi han importants greuges econòmics. Com a potència que aporta una cinquena part del PNB d’Espanya, Catalunya vol retenir una major part dels seus ingressos fiscals. Aquestes preocupacions poden abordar-se sense haver de recórrer a un referèndum de divisió. El setembre passat Mas va oferir a Madrid un acord, intercanviant una major autonomia fiscal en comptes dels elevats nivells de transferències pressupostàries. Rajoy es va negar fins i tot a parlar-ne. Rajoy treu pit del pobre resultat de Mas en les eleccions, però hauria d’obrir-se a la idea que una major autonomia per a Catalunya pot ser un bon preu a pagar per evitar una crisi constitucional en un moment d’emergència econòmica. Mas hauria d’acceptar que qualsevol nou acord fiscal s’implementi quan la crisi actual es resolgui. Ni unionistes ni separatistes han d’alegrar-se del resultat. Però si saben aprofitar l’oportunitat que es presenta, el resultat de la votació podria donar una sortida bevinguda.”

 (“Barcelona’s draw,” editorial, Financial Times, 26 novembre 2012)

28 November 2012 - Posted by | News comment/Comentari al dia, Politics/Política | ,

2 Comments »

  1. M’agradaria que fós així, però em temo que els polítics no donen la talla suficient…..

    Like

    Comment by Paulina | 28 November 2012 | Reply

  2. The Catalan elections that took place on November 28, 2010 were to finally determine the political future of Mas, who was for the third time the Convergència i Unió candidate to the presidency of the country. Surveys had indicated that this time his party would obtain enough seats to govern without being heavily dependent on third parties and with no risk of a repetition of left-wing coalitions like those of 2003 and 2006. His party finally won 62 of the 135 seats in the Catalan Parliament , thus ensuring that Mas will head the next regional government as president of the Generalitat of Catalonia . During the campaign Mas had promised to put into place the government of ‘the best’ people, including the possibility of appointing ministers (‘Consellers’) from outside his political coalition, Convergència i Unió, if their talent justifies doing so. Moreover, he also engaged in a process culminating in full powers over taxation for Catalonia—significantly reducing the so-called ‘fiscal deficit’ between Catalonia and Spain—by putting this issue to referendum to the Catalans and as a condition for giving any support to Spanish governments in Madrid after the Spanish elections scheduled for 2012.

    Like

    Comment by idebenone | 1 December 2012 | Reply


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